【 #四六级考试# 导语轿带唤】仰望天空时，什么都比你高，你会自卑;俯视大地时，什么都比你低，你会自负;只有放宽视野，把天空和大地尽收眼底，才能在苍穹泛土之间找到你真正的位置。无须自卑，不闭凯要自负，坚持自信。 无 为大家准备了以下内容，希望对大家有帮行脊助。
There are many theories about the beginning ofdrama in ancient Greece. The on most widelyaccepted today is based on the assumption thatdrama evolved from ritual. The argument for thisview goes as follows. In the beginning, human beingsviewed the natural forces of the world-even theseasonal changes-as unpredictable, and theysought through various means to control theseunknown and feared powers. Those measureswhich appeared to bring the desired results werethen retained and repeated until they hardened into fixed rituals.
Eventually stories arose which explained or veiled the mysteries of the rites. As time passedsome rituals were abandoned, but the stories, later called myths, persisted and providedmaterial for art and drama. Those who believe that drama evolved out of ritual also argue thatthose rites contained the seed of theater because music, dance, masks, and costumes werealmost always used, Furthermore, a suitable site had to be provided for performances andwhen the entire community did not participate, a clear division was usually made between the”acting area” and the “auditorium.” In addition, there were performers, and, sinceconsiderable importance was attached to avoiding mistakes in the enactment of rites,religious leaders usually assumed that task. Wearing masks and costumes, they oftenimpersonated other people, animals, or supernatural beings, and mimed the desired effect-success in hunt or battle, the coming rain, the revival of the Sun-as an actor might. Eventuallysuch dramatic representations were separated from religious activities.
Another theory traces the theater’s origin from the human interest in storytelling. Accordingto this vies tales (about the hunt, war, or other feats) are gradually elaborated, at first throughthe use of impersonation, action, and dialogue by a narrator and then through theassumption of each of the roles by a different person. A closely related theory traces theaterto those dances that are primarily rhythmical and gymnastic or that are imitations of animalmovements and sounds.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic of Academic Plagiarism following the outline given below in Chinese. You should write at least 150 words but no more than 200 words.
Nowadays, the problem of academic plagiarism becomes more and more serious. In order to earn academic titles, some teachers plagiarize others’ academic papers; in order to graduate smoothly, some college students plagiarize others’ graduation papers. Everything has its reasons; academic plagiarism is no exception.
First, college authorities put too much emphasis on papers while conferring academic titles and graduating students. Second, modern technology makes it unprecedentedly easy to get information and materials. Some plagiarists who are morally corrupt can’t resist the temptation and decide to take risks. Third, the system of censorship and penalty are far from being strict, encouraging plagiarism to some extent.
Directions: For this part you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic The most unforgettable Person I ever Know. You should write at least 120 words and base your composition on the outline below:
In my life I have met a great many people who are really worth recalling. But perhaps the most unforgettable person I ever know is my English teacher.
What frequently brings back memories of my school teacher is his special qualities. First and foremost, he gave us the greatest gift a teacher can offer—an awakening of a passion for learning. He not only led us to an appreciation of the beauty and perfection of English language and literature, but also aroused our great interest in exploring something deeper in this field. Furthermore, I was attracted by his lively wit. I remember that we students always anticipated his class with great eagerness because his lecture were humorously delivered, never failing to provoke chuckles or loud laughs.
【 #四六级考试# 导语】努力吧！不管结果怎样，经历过，总会有结果的！高考的朋友们，为你们祝福，也为中厅自己祈祷！愿梦开始的地方，也是梦想实现的地方！嗯嗯，加油，嗯，加油档肆！以下是 为大家精心整理的内容，欢迎大家阅读。
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay based on the picture below. You should comment on the role of mobile phone in people’s communication. You are required to write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
The Role of Mobile Phone in People’s Communication
The popularity of smartphones has exerted great influence on the way people communicate, so much so that an increasing number of individuals contend that face-to-face communication is being replaced by texts and images on the mobile phone.
There are more than one angle to consider this phenomenon. On one hand, it is pleasantly acknowledged that smartphones shorten the distance between families and friends. Even people from different sides of the globe can share pictures, feelings and thoughts through various types of apps on the phone, thus building a long-distance connection. On the other hand, as the picture warns us, too much smartphone addiction interferes with people’s real-life communication. Statistics show that over 70 percent of face-to-face communication consists of facial expressions and body language, which is why people should stay away from mobile phones when they have the chance to actually talk and communicate with others.
In a word, mobile phones act as an appropriate platform where people can always stay in tough however long the distance is, but a wise man should know when to put down his phone.
Directions: Write a composition entitled Ideals. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
1. 人人都有理想; 实现理想的因素是什么; 你的理想及实现的途径。
Everyone has his ideals. A businessman wishes to make greater profit; a farmer expects plumper harvests; a student tries to learn more and better. And
However, one should be sensible about whether his ideal is well founded or not. If it is, one has to plan and work hard for its realization. Effort, skill and persistence are all necessary. And very often, one has to get help from others, including advice and support in one form or another.
Directions: Write a composition entitled Only Stricter Traffic Laws Can Prevent Accidents. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
Only Stricter Traffic Laws Can Prevent Accidents
Though the possibility of living a long and happy life is greater than ever before, every day thousands of people all over the world are killed or horribly mutilated on the roads just because of traffic accidents.
This situation is mainly due to the following two reasons. In the first place, the drivers are becoming less aware of social morality. When they are sitting behind a steering wheel, they totally forget the traffic laws which should be complied with. In the second place, the surprising thing is that society smiles so benignly on the peace breakers and seems to condone their behavior. As the transportation develops, cities become almost uninhabitable because of heavy traffic and the countryside is destroyed by the complicated road networks.
Therefore,jitjisjhighjtimejthatjajworldjcodejwere_created_tojreduce this_jen^jlessjwa^e_of“human _life and to_have some beneficial_ effect on the accident rate. (153 words)
【 #四六级考试# 导语】四级六级屈服于你，高分羡慕环抱着你，勤奋努力支持着你，美好人生等游厅待着你!以下是 为大家精心整理的内容，欢迎大家阅读。
Directions:For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled College Students Should Attend Physical Exercise.
College Students Should Attend Physical Exercise.
Physicalexercise is a necessary part of college life. However, still some collegestudents do not like to attend sports activities. They think those activities waste their timeand influence their study. Indeed, it is very unwise for college students tokeep distance form physical exercise.
Physicalexercise is very beneficial to college students. First of all, attending sportsactivities can help college students build a strong body and keep abundantenergy. Moreover, physical exercise is an effective way to release pressure andkeep a pleasant mood. Besides, by attending physical activities, students can havechances to contract and communicate with others, which can help them improvetheir social skills.
Nowadays colleges and universities provide many sports facilities for students to do physicalexercise. Students can choose freely according to their interests and needs. Asfor me, I am keen on all kinds of ball games, especially football andbasketball. From these games, I have gained great pleasure and made manyfriends. To conclude, every college student should not hesitate to attendsports activities.
Directions: For this part,you are allowed 30 minutes to write a short essay entitled Air Pollution following the outline given below.You should write at least 120 words but no more than 180 words.
It is reported that thick fog and haze surround many parts of China. People have to wear masks when they go out.As air pollution is getting increasingly worse,it has become the main concern of people.
Air pollution can have serious consequences for human’s health and also severely affects natural ecosystems. Millions of people die of illnesses related to air pollution every year.Due to particles from exhaust emissions,green house effects result in warmer weather,acid rains corrode the earth,and frequent haze causes traffic problems.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed thirty minutes to write a composition on the topic: Aid?Education in China. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given in Chinese below:
Aid–Education in China
Each year,college students,encouraged to aid students in the poverty—stricken areas,volunteer themselves in poor villages for a year and try to improve education in poor areas.
Aid—education has been beneficial in two aspects.On the one hand, college volunteers are really devoted to the cause.They have opened the eyes of students in underdeveloped regions to the outside world by bringing them new knowledge and thoughts.As a result,they are extremely well—received by the children there.On the other hand,college students have received a rigorous training by adapting to the harsh living conditions.They are enjoying the appreciation and no—distance friendship from the children.What’s more,they are greatly inspired by the moving and tireless spirit of the children.
In my opinion,China’s educational development can’t be isolated from each individual and we college students should take the lead in response to the appeal for offering aid to children in poor areas.
【 #四六级考试# 导语】马上就要考试了，希望你安排好最近的时间与生活，劳役结合，抓好复习也要多多休息，相信你的努力不会让你失望，相信自己，放好心态向前冲。 为大家准备了以下内容，供大家参考阅读。
The topic of (主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions of it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of (支持A的理由一)What is more, 理由二). Moreover, (理由三).
While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,(支持B的理由一). Secondly (besides),(理由二). Thirdly (finally),(理由三).
From my point of view, I think (我的观点). The reason is that (原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice .
(1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 )
There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____.
People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand， ___原因一_______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there is no doubt that ___观点二______.
As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________.
Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____.
Just As a popular saying goes, “every coin has two sides”, __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______.
To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___.
( 3 ) 答题性议论文
Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem.
As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____.
Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____.
Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First (A的优点之一). Besides (A的优点之二).
But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that(A的第一个缺点).To make matters worse,(A的第二个缺点).
Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to(我的看法).
(From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, (对前景的预测).)
Recently _______,what amazes us most is______________,it is ture that__________.
There are many reasons explaining________________.The main reason is__________________.
what is more_______________.thirdly_______________.As a result_______________.
Considering all there,____________.For one thing__________________,for another________
In recent days, we have to face I problem—–A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, (说明A的.现状).Second, (举例进一步说明现状)
Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, (解决方法一). For another (解决方法二). Finally, 解决方法三).
Personally, I believe that (我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because (带来的好处).
【 #四六级考配激皮试# 导语】青年人正处于学习的黄金时期，应该把学习作为首要任务，作为一种责任、一种精神追求、一种生活方式，树立梦想从学习开始、事业靠本领成就的观念，让勤奋学习成为青春远航的动力，让增长本领成为培差青春搏击的能量。下面是 整理的内铅信容，希望对你们有帮助！
题目要求： Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a letter in reply to a friend’s inquiry about Plan after graduation. You should write at least 120 words according to the outline given below in Chinese:
So great to receive your letter on May 1st, in which you inquired about my plan after graduation. Now, I am writing to illustrate it and my accounts。 As is known to all, so many graduates are eager to set feet on their work-life roads. According to a survey by National Department of Education, more than six million college students will leave the so called “Ivory Tower” this year. It is clear that the competition of job-hunting will be extremely furious. On the contrary, it seems advisable for me to further my study and get a master’s degree. What makes me convinced is that a higher degree and better educational background will, undoubtedly, enable me to make full preparation for entering the society. Besides, if possible, I will get involved in social and practical activities in my spare time。 Taking all aspects into account, I choose to study as a postgraduate。
Many thanks for your concern.
Due Attention Should Be Given to Speaking
Due Attention Should Be Given to Speaking
Nowadays fewer and fewer students pay attention to their spoken English, which results in a dramatic increase in the number of students who can spell English words but are incapable of speaking them fluently or correctly. This phenomenon has aroused many people’s attention.
Why does such a phenomenon emerge? As far as I’m concerned, there are possibly two reasons contributing to this phenomenon. On the one hand, exam-oriented education makes many schools lay emphasis on passing the English exams, which leads to the lack of speaking environment for students to practice their spoken English. On the other hand, students themselves don’t realize the importance of the ability to speak English which has a great influence on their future study and career development.
Directions: For this part, you are allowed 30 minutes to write a composition on the topic Western Fast Food. You should write at least 120 words following the outline given below in Chinese:
【范文】 Western Fast Food Fast food is becoming more and more popular in China, especially among children and teenagers. Today, nothing is more representative of the fast pace of modern society than fast food. There are several reasons for its popularity. For one thing, it is fast and convenient. Go into a fast food restaurant, and your food will be ready in a minute. Precious time won’t be wasted in waiting-in-line to order or waiting at your table for your food to arrive. For another, its popularity is also attributed to the clean food, the excellent service and the comfortable environment of the fast food restaurants, and American style. However, I think that fast food isn’t healthy enough because it doesn’t compose a balanced diet and is low in nutrition. Fast food is only a good choice when you are in a hurry and we should turn to it only once in a while.
范文：My Views on Knockoffs
As is vividly depicted in the picture, the bears are painted to look like pandas. This picture reminds us of a social phenomenon that China is now suffering from an overflow of various knockoffs in the market.
Various knockoffs are so widespread in our market that almost everybody has frustrating experiences of buying them. Then, what should we do? In my view, it's our obligation to support authentic products and fight against knockoffs. The reasons are as follows. Firstly, we should support ingenuity and originality as well as authentic products, which are based on creativity.
Secondly, knockoffs represent plagiarism in design and production. Thirdly, support for authentic products and fighting against knockoffs can help form a fine competitive atmosphere in our society so as to promote the comprehensive progress of the industry and the society.
In conclusion, we have every reason to fight against knockoffs and support ingenuity and creativity.
Now the income gap is getting wider and wider. In some privately owned firms, joint-ventures, or foreign-fund companies, an executive's yearly income is ten times or even a hundred times as much as an ordinary worker's.
Faced with this situation, people will undoubtedly have different opinions. Some believe that it benefits the social and economic development since driving force is often derived from the gap. In other words, the gap inspires people and gives a push to advancement. Others speak of its side effect: income gap is often the root of social unrest and also contrary to our country's principle.
From my point of view, while it is true that the income gap may stimulate the social development to some extent, it causes trouble as well. An income gap that is too wide for most people to bear can neither contribute to the stability of a country nor promote its economic development. Therefore, while we are advocating the rapid development of our country, we should tolerate the narrow income gap but narrow the wide one.
Popularity of Green Food
Due to its high-quality and original tastes, green food appeals to more consumers. From supermmarkets to chain stores, green food is found everywhere.
Why is green food so popular even though its price is usually higher than other food? On the one hand, recently a series of issues on food safety makes customers disturbed and anxious. In order to have the reliable food, more housewives opt to select green food for their family. Green food has been labeled as a kind of healthy, delicious and fashionable food. This is perhaps the most important reason for the popularity of green food. On the other haod, with the advance in living standard, people will pay more attention to the quality of food and their raised income is enough to cover the expenditure of food with a comparatively high price.
With the development of the society, green food is certainly to hold a larger portion in the market. In the near future, people will be accustomed to enjoy the fresh vegetable, fruits and cereals without pesticide residues, artificial feed and contarnination.
Nowadays,there is a growing concern over such a phenomenon that_ .
Different people have different views on_____.Some people think that_____, others argue that __________.
As far as I am concerned, I agree with the opinion that ___________.For one thing,I firmly believe that ___________.For another,_____________.Just think of________.
Taking all these factors into consideration（Form what has been discussed above）,we may safely come to the conclusion that______.Only if_______can we _______,just as the saying goes,________________.
It is quite natural for ________to ponder over the question of whether to _______________.
Many _________will choose not to______________,generally for three reasons.On the one hand,___________.On the other hand,______________.Most importantly,__________.Nevertheless, oher people adopt a completely different view,thinking that_____________.
Moreover,（此外） they further argue that___________.
From what we have discussed above,we can draw the conclusion that the question quite depends on personal choice.In my own eyes,________.
Until recently most people hold hostile attitudes towards_______.Some people view it as_____________while others consider it____________.
Recent research,however,shows that___________is of great benefit in many respects._________,scientists tell us,_____________.Surprisingly enougu,____________also_______.The most remarkable thing about_______is that_______.
Now we can draw the conclusion that_______.I strongly advocate that we should make good use of it to_________.
If the Chinese people even want to improve their life quality, the problem of __________ has to be solved. With more and more people _______, this problem is becoming more and more serious in terms of scale and scope.
First of all,_________. What’s more,__________. Only when all the people stop pursuing personal interests at the price of ________ can we hope to put an end to this unfavorable situation.
The _________ is of great importance to every member of our society. As long as the government, society and individuals make joint efforts, a sound solution is not far away.
The good old proverb —————-（名言或谚语）reminds us that —————-（释义）. Indeed, we can learn many things form it.
First of all,—————–（理由一）. For example, ——————-（举例说明）. Secondly,—————-（理由二）. Another case is that —————（举例说明）. Furthermore , ——————（理由三）.
In my opinion, —————-（我的观点）. In short, whatever you do, please remember the say——A. If you understand it and apply it to your study or work, you”ll necessarily benefit a lot from it.
首先，—————–（理由一）。 例如，——————-（模仿说明）。 其次，—————-（理由二）。 另一种情况是—————（表示说明）。 此外，——————（理由三）。
我认为—————-（我的观点）。 简而言之，无论您做什么，都请记住一句话- 如果您了解它并将其应用到您的学习或工作中，您一定会从中受益匪浅。
Month, Date, year
I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in …. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that…/ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising.
…/ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, …. On the other hand, …. I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference.
I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience.
Best regards for your health and success.
X X X
When it comes to____ ,different people hold different views .
Some contend that____. For one thing,____ .Foranother,___ . In spite of all these claims, others maintain that ____，They point out that____ .Another instance often cited is that____ .
It’s no easy task to find a satisfactory answer to the issue.As for me, there’s some truth to both arguments .It’s advisable to ______.
有人认为____。 一方面，____。另一方面，___。 尽管提出了所有这些要求，但其他人仍然坚持认为____，他们指出____。经常引用的另一个实例是____。
1、 the conclusion that …结论
例句：From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw the conclusion that …从以上的讨论我们可以肯定地得出结论，即…
例句：Overall, there is compelling evidence that …, and it follows that in this respect …总的说来，令人信服的证据是…，而且在这方面随之而来的是…
例句：The analysis we have made leads to a sound idea that …由我们的分析得出一个正确的见解，即…
4、the fact that，事实上
例句：All reliable evidence points to the fact that …所有可靠的证据都表明这一事实…
5、I don t think that，我不认为
例句：I don t think that it s the best way to learn English.我认为这不是学习英语最好的方法。